Miami Cancer Institute’s renowned gastrointestinal cancer specialists combine medical expertise and compassionate care to provide the best treatment options for our patients. Our colorectal cancer specialists have access to a range of cutting-edge technologies to diagnose and treat your specific cancer, with the goal of creating a personalized plan that effectively treats your cancer.
Our multidisciplinary team consists of internationally renowned oncologists who focus on the whole patient; from diagnosis, to treatment, to post-cancer life. Each individualized colorectal cancer care plan includes innovative treatments and services, such as nutritional advice, physical rehabilitation and pain management, to address your whole journey as a patient. Not only do we focus on the treatment that is right for your cancer, we focus on the treatment that is right for you as a patient. In some cases, a clinical trial may be available to treat your cancer. Your care team will work closely with you to find a trial that fits your cancer type and stage.
Rectal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancerous) cells are found in the tissue of the rectum. The rectum makes up the last six inches of the large intestine. The first five feet of the large intestine is the colon.
Rectal cancer is often grouped together with colon cancer and referred to as colorectal cancer. However, rectal cancer specifically starts in the rectum.
Rectal cancer often appears first as a small growth (polyp) on the rectum. Finding and removing these polyps early can prevent colorectal cancer, as some polyps can become cancer over time.
Most rectal cancers are adenocarcinomas, which is a cancer that forms in the cells of the tissue lining the rectum. Other, rare forms of rectal cancer include:
There are some risk factors for rectal cancer that can be controlled and others that cannot. Some of the risk factors that can be controlled include:
Risk factors that cannot be controlled include:
There is no guaranteed way to prevent cancer. However, you can reduce your risk for rectal cancer by: