What are the risk factors for bladder cancer?

The biggest risk factor for bladder cancer is tobacco use. Older men and Caucasians also have a higher risk of developing bladder cancer.

Other risk factors include:

  • Working with organic chemicals, such as those used in the textile, dye, paint, leather, printing, or rubber industries
  • Being over the age of 70
  • Having a history of bladder irritation and infections
  • Having a personal or family history of bladder or urothelial cancer
  • Having certain genetic conditions, such as Lynch syndrome
  • Receiving chemotherapy or radiation treatment
  • Using certain diabetes medicines, such as pioglitazone

What can you do to prevent bladder cancer?

There is no guaranteed way to prevent cancer. However, you can reduce your risk for bladder cancer by:

  • Not using tobacco. Speak with your doctor if you need help quitting
  • Limiting your exposure to certain organic chemicals in the workplace. Industries that use organic chemicals include those that produce leather, printing materials, dyes, rubber, textiles and paint
  • Eating a healthy diet, which includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins and low-fat dairy. Talk with your doctor or a nutritionist about what you should include in a healthy diet
  • Drinking plenty of water
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