What are the risk factors for prostate cancer?

The greatest risk factor for prostate cancer is age. The chance of a man developing prostate cancer increases significantly after age 50, and most cases occur in men older than 65.

If you have a family history of prostate cancer, you may also be at risk due to certain genetic (inherited) factors. Our genetic counseling and testing team can analyze your risk level and help you come up with a screening plan that can find disease early.

African-American men and Caribbean men of African descent are also more likely to develop prostate cancer. The reason why these men experience more instances of prostate cancer is not clear.

What can you do to prevent prostate cancer?

There is no guaranteed way to prevent cancer. However, you can reduce your risk for prostate cancer by:

  • Not using tobacco. Speak with your doctor if you need help quitting.
  • Exercising regularly
  • Eating a healthy diet, which includes plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins and low-fat dairy. Talk with your doctor or a nutritionist about what you should include in a healthy diet.
  • Keeping a healthy weight. Ask your doctor what a healthy weight is for you.
  • Getting regular prostate cancer screenings if you are between ages 55 and 70
  • Asking your doctor about genetic testing. If you have a family history of prostate cancer, you may have an inherited condition that increases your risk for disease.
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