What are the types of Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus cancer?

Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cavity Cancer. Squamous cells are found in many of the body’s tissues, including the skin, respiratory tract and lining of the paranasal sinuses and nasal cavity.

Other types of Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cavity Cancer or tumors include:

  • Melanoma: a cancer that starts in melanocytes (the cells that provide the skin with its color)
  • Sarcoma: a cancer that starts in muscle or connective tissue
  • Inverting papilloma: benign (non-cancerous) tumors that form inside the nose and can turn malignant (cancerous)
  • Midline granulomas: cancer in tissues that are in the middle part of the face

As with other cancers, Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinus Cavity Cancer (which often can go undetected initially because early signs are difficult to pinpoint) has specific types. Additionally, cancer cells can spread to surrounding tissues, cartilage, bones or other parts of the body.

Prognosis and treatment options vary depending on each person’s own genetic makeup, location of the cancer cells and the stage of the cancer.

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