How is multiple myeloma treated?
Your treatment plan for myeloma may include:
- Chemotherapy - This treatment uses medicine – or several medicines – to kill cancer cells.
- Immunotherapy - These are medicines that stimulate an immune response to destroy cancer cells.
- Proteasome inhibitors - These drugs cause defective proteins to build up in cancer cells, killing the cells.
- Blood and marrow transplant - This procedure injects healthy blood-forming cells into your bloodstream. It is used in combination with chemotherapy in patients with myeloma.
- Radiation therapy - This treatment uses high doses of ionizing radiation to kill cancer cells and may be used to shrink myeloma tumors on the bone.
- Minimally invasive spine surgery - Our interventional oncologists can treat myeloma-related spine fractures and tumors with vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty.
- Bisphosphonates - These drugs treat bone problems associated with myeloma.
- Pain management - Pain medicines may be given to manage pain associated with myeloma. Your doctor could also suggest integrative medicine options like massage or acupuncture.
Your care team will regularly look for signs that the cancer is progressing and quickly update your treatment plan if needed.
Immunotherapy is an advanced cancer treatment that helps your body’s immune system fight cancer. It can be an effective way to treat blood disorders and is one of the most promising innovations available today for the treatment, cure and prevention of certain blood cancers like multiple myeloma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin disease.
Blood and Marrow Transplantation
Bone marrow is the tissue inside your bones that produces red and white blood cells and platelets. If you experience a blood disorder, a bone marrow transplant, also known as a stem cell transplant, can be used to replace your damaged blood cells with healthy, blood-forming stem cells.
The Blood and Bone Marrow Transplantation program at Miami Cancer Institute at Baptist Health South Florida provides advanced treatment options to patients with blood cancers like leukemia, multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin disease, or Hodgkin lymphoma.
A multidisciplinary team of cancer experts including surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, plastic reconstructive surgeons, pathologists, radiologists, genetic counselors, medical geneticists, social workers, patient navigators and clinical trials staff meet weekly to discuss select complex cases and determine the best course of care.
Miami Cancer Institute can provide access to clinical trials not widely available elsewhere. Clinical trials find new ways to treat and diagnose cancer and are ongoing. If an appropriate trial is available, we will talk to you about the benefits and risks.
Patient Support Services
Taking care of the whole patient is an important component of providing personalized cancer care. Integrated into the fabric of the Miami Cancer Institute, the Cancer Patient Support Center addresses the psychological, physical, social and spiritual needs of our patients during cancer treatment and beyond.