What are the risk factors for myelodysplastic syndrome?
Risk factors for MDS include:
- Smoking cigarettes
- Chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer treatment
- Long-term exposure to high levels of benzene or radiation
What can you do to prevent myelodysplastic syndrome?
Though avoiding the risk factors for MDS could lower your chance of developing the condition, most people diagnosed with MDS have no known risk factors.
In the case of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, doctors look for ways to limit the risk for MDS. In most cases, the benefits of these treatments outweigh the small chance you will develop MDS.