What are the types of myelodysplastic syndrome?

The number of blasts in the blood and bone marrow determines the type of myelodysplastic syndrome. Types of MDS include:

  • Refractory anemia
  • Refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts
  • Refractory anemia with excess blasts
  • Refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia
  • Refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia and ringed sideroblasts

Another subtype of MDS is called therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome. Therapy-related MDS is caused by chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancer.

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