Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare cancer that can affect the skeletal muscles, which control voluntary movement. It is highly treatable, but it can spread to other organs and systems in the body. Our team has the experience and resources to provide prompt diagnosis and effective treatment to give your child the best chance for a full and active life. As Florida’s only member of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Alliance, Miami Cancer Institute is committed to fighting pediatric cancer, including rhabdomyosarcoma. We also work with Nicklaus Children’s Hospital and other local partners to provide all the services and support your child might need.
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare type of sarcoma that arises in immature cells called rhabdomyoblasts, which usually develop into skeletal muscle that controls voluntary movement all over our bodies. Because rhabdomyoblasts are immature cells, this cancer is most common in children.
Rhabdomyosarcoma is most common in the:
There are three main types of rhabdomysarcoma:
Very few risk factors have been identified. Large size for gestational age and high birth weight may be linked to an increased risk.
Because most known risk factors are not preventable, there are no recommended preventive measures. Some children with risk factors may benefit from genetic testing to determine specific risk.