What is Wilms’ tumor?
Wilms’ tumor, also called nephroblastoma, is a rare kidney cancer named after Max Wilms, the German doctor who wrote one of the first studies about the disease in 1899. It is the most common type of kidney cancer in children.
It is slightly more common among girls and African-Americans. It can metastasize or spread to other body tissues, most often the lungs, liver, the other kidney, the brain and the bones. Most Wilms’ tumors are unilateral, meaning they occur in one kidney only.
What are the risk factors for Wilms’ tumor?
Wilms’ tumor is slightly more common among girls than boys and among African-Americans than other ethnic groups. Some genetic disorders are linked to a higher risk.
What can you do to prevent Wilms' tumor?
Because known risk factors are not preventable, there are no recommended preventive measures.